Now no one in the world will tell you when the golf game came out. There is no exact information about the appearance of this game. According to some speculations, its founders were medieval shepherds, who, short time when grazing sheep, began to hit the stones with their stakes. According to another version, golf came from an ancient Flemish game called choie, which was already known in England since the middle of the XIV century.
The most likely precursor of golf was the Danish game kolf, first mentioned in the late 13th century and depicted in many Danish landscapes of that time. “Golfers played on rough terrain with a stick and ball, but aimed not at the hole but at a certain mark on the ground. Most often at the doors of buildings.
However, the game really developed in Scotland. Platforms with climbs and descents became so popular that in 1457 James II in an act of parliament banned golf, as well as football, as they prevented archers from practicing.
Skillful handling of the bow and arrow played a major role in preventing the British from going to Scotland. The game remained exclusively Scottish (perhaps with its Danish copy of Colla) until James VI of Scotland became King of England. Together with him, the game came to the south of the island. In Blackheath – now the Royal Blackheath in South London – the Scottish nobility equipped a seven hole pitch for their favourite game.
The first fields in Scotland had little to do with today’s fields. The game was played on public land, where it was more peaceful, overcoming natural obstacles and obstacles. Not only the walls and ditches were used for the game, the players often occupied the places reserved for riding horses, cricket, picnics, etc.
Caddy golf at the beginning of this century – golfers used much fewer clubs and caddies had to clear the road ahead as well as watch balls flying.
The courses were natural, with only sheep and rabbits “cutting” the grass on the courses. There were no formal tees; players would take their first shot a meter from the previous hole. Of course, the rules were formed over the years, golf clubs opened. The oldest of these, the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers, now based in Mirfield, was founded in 1744 and 10 years later the Society of St Andrews’ Goffers was established.
Under the direction of the St Andrew’s Club, the basic rules of the game and the number of holes on the field were developed. Until 1764, St Andrew’s Club had 22 holes on its pitch and other fields had 6 to 25 holes. In 1858, an 18-hole field became common. This rule has been preserved to this day. The game rapidly spread and developed, and in the mid-1800s the first professional players appeared.
Alan Robertson, the first great professional golfer, died in 1858. His death is believed to have triggered the first professional championship in Prestwick in 1860, where a new national champion was to be identified.
This amateur championship in 1861 was the first open (Oprah) championship. In 1863, the attractive prize to the winner was only 10 pounds. In 1861, the winner was Tom Morris the Elder (“Old Tom Morris”), who was also successful in the next three competitions.
In 1868, the winner of the Open was his teenage son, the Young Tom Morris, who was successful three times in a row. According to the rules, he won an existing prize, then missed the year when the Open was not held, waiting for a new trophy. He kept winning and set a record – four Opens in a row.
Since then, the game has evolved and gradually turned into what we now know. At the time Tom Morris won £10 for winning the Open Championship, it was hard to imagine that golfers would someday make millions. In 1987, Ian Woosnam achieved this by winning $1 million for winning a tournament in South Africa.
We recommend that you watch the video “Golf Lesson”.